Dermoscopy is a non-invasive skin imaging technique that permits visualization of features of pigmented melanocytic neoplasms that are not discernable by examination with the naked eye. While studies on the automated analysis of dermoscopy images date back to the late 1990s, because of various factors (lack of publicly available datasets, open-source software, computational power, etc.), the field progressed rather slowly in its first two decades. With the release of a large public dataset by the International Skin Imaging Collaboration (ISIC) in 2016, development of open-source software for convolutional neural networks, and the availability of inexpensive graphics processing units, dermoscopy image analysis has recently become a very active research field. In this paper, we present a brief overview of this exciting subfield of medical image analysis, primarily focusing on three aspects of it, namely segmentation, feature extraction, and classification. We then provide future directions for researchers.
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