AI Tools Poised to Improve Patient Health Care
Technologies to provide early predictions of breast cancer risk, to identify which hospital patients actually should have their vital signs monitored overnight and which should be left to their restorative sleep, and to swiftly identify rare infant diseases are all joining the ranks of approaches that are powered by artificial intelligence (AI)... Read more

Seeking Pain Relief With Fewer Side Effects
For the one in five adults who suffer from chronic pain, treatment largely relies on pharmaceuticals, which can come with serious downsides [1]. “They mitigate pain, but in the long term lead to such significant side effects and consequences that the burden from the treatment many times starts to exceed the burden from disease, and it attacks the person’s quality of life,” says Padma Gulur, M.D., professor of anesthesiology and head of the Pain Relief and Opioid Mitigation Innovation Science (PROMIS) Laboratory, Duke University... Read more
Seeing Makes the Difference: Augmented Reality in the OR
Although many surgeries, including spinal procedures, have been much improved with robotics in recent years, the additional technology has created associated issues with its use in the space constraints of the operating room (OR). This is especially true with monitors and their small screen sizes, which make it difficult for surgeons to see details during procedures. Solving such problems and finding the optimal position for viewing as well as ensuring integration with current technology were primary objectives in the development of iSight, a wireless augmented reality (AR) system designed by Dr. Chetan K. Patel, MD, in collaboration with startup Altair Innovations. Patel is an orthopedic spine surgeon and executive medical director for spine surgery at AdventHealth Neuroscience Institute... Read more
Clues for Health and Longevity Lie in Tiny Tardigrades
Tardigrades are miniscule aquatic animals, only about the size of the period at the end of this sentence. Yet they are renowned for their ability to survive a number of punishing physical extremes. Now, scientists studying tardigrades are beginning to uncover the secrets of their super survival skills. In the process, they are discovering unique biological mechanisms that may help to solve real-world, human health problems... Read more
Ambitious Climate Goals by the Numbers: Providence Health and Services
Health care systems account for about 10% of the carbon dioxide emitted annually in the USA. In fact, American hospitals produce approximately 6 million tons of waste each year and use approximately 7% of all water consumed in commercial and institutional settings. As climate change becomes a daily reality rather than just a future possibility, major hospital systems are actively pursuing ways to reduce their carbon footprint. In this series, IEEE Pulse explores what steps are being taken and what challenges remain in conversation with different health care systems. This feature focuses on the climate change goals of Providence Health and Services... Read more
New Biomed-Tech Advances Poised to Change the Future
Biomedical and health technology is progressing at breakneck speed. From specialty pharmacies to general discount shops, store shelves are packed with a vast assortment of wearable medical devices that measure glucose levels, heart rate, and other health metrics; and over-the-counter test kits are helping to check for a wide array of infections. At the same time, electronic health records and other data-sharing platforms have smoothed the mass shift from in-person to virtual office visits over the past two years, and new imaging technologies are allowing earlier disease detection so treatments can begin sooner when they are more effective... Read more
AI-Designed, Living Robots Can Self-Replicate
In 2020, a research group made the stunning announcement that it had built programmable organisms—living robots they called xenobots—out of biological cells, and these xenobots could work together to perform simple tasks... Read more
Wearable Tech Marks a Breakthrough for Scanning the Brain
Today, the World Health Organization (WHO) reports that one in four people are affected by mental or neurological disorders, 50 m suffer from epilepsy, and 50 m from Alzheimer’s disease. According to the Journal of Neurosurgery, 69 m globally have some type of traumatic brain injury. With these numbers rising daily, there is an urgent need to understand what is happening inside the brain. Brain scanning technology has advanced dramatically in recent decades, but it still faces significant limitations... Read more

Pulse Ideas

State of the Art March/April 2022
TLAs: Are Common These Days
Three-Letter Acronyms (TLAs) are very popular, and can be found in almost everything written or spoken these days. Why? Perhaps it is because we are busy, lazy, or maybe there is just a fascination with things that come in threes. Most likely, we write or speak in TLAs because it makes our language more efficient at conveying information with the least possible cost. TLAs transform largely redundant information into a more expeditious form... Read more
Book Reviews March/April 2022
Advanced Mathematics for Engineering Students: The Essential Toolbox, 1st ed.
The authors of this text have abstracted and summarized in this text their offering of a third-year two semester course in advanced mathematics in the Department of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering at the Royal Military College of Canada. Some applied mathematics matter from related engineering courses has also been added here. With these additions, the text is also purported also to be of value to most other engineers post-graduation. The text was selected for review here as it may be of value to you as a reference or as a foundation teaching text. Some knowledge of COMSOL and MAPLE is needed to fully utilize this text... Read more
From the EMBS President January/February 2022
New Horizons: From Vision to Impact
Over the past two years, the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), and the associated coronavirus disease (COVID-19), have greatly impacted our lives. This pandemic has revealed how our health care systems were not prepared for this major challenge, especially with respect to treatment, rapid diagnosis, and tracking, as well as limited hospital equipment, staff members, and resources... Read more
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