The new open access publication model allows authors to select from two licensing options: the new IEEE Open Access Publishing Agreement (OAPA) or the Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY).
The OAPA allows authors to transfer copyright to IEEE, thereby empowering IEEE to protect the work against copyright infringement or plagiarism. The OAPA broadens IEEE’s definition of user rights. Users are permitted to copy the work, as well as translate it or use it for text mining, as long as the usage is for non-commercial purposes.
A CC BY license allows authors to retain copyright in the work, but also carries very broad rights for end users. For instance, end users may reuse the work and must always credit the original author. But the end user does not have to obtain permission from the author to reuse the work, even for commercial purposes or to create derivative works.
IEEE will make exceptions for authors who have special requirements from their funding agencies to publish their OA articles with a Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license. Two such funding agencies are the Wellcome Trust and the Research Councils of the United Kingdom (RCUK), both of which require authors to use the CC BY license. IEEE will accept use of the CC BY license in these cases. Authors with a funding requirement to use the CC BY license should not sign the OACF, but instead should request a CC BY license.