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Epileptic Focus Localization Using Discrete Wavelet Transform Based on Interictal Intracranial EEG

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Epileptic Focus Localization Using Discrete Wavelet Transform Based on Interictal Intracranial EEG
Over the past decade, with the development of machine learning, Discrete Wavelet Transform (DWT) has been widely used in computer-aided epileptic EEG signal analysis as a powerful time-frequency tool. But some important problems have not yet been benefitted from DWT, including epileptic focus localization, a key task in epilepsy diagnosis and treatment. Additionally, the parameters and settings for DWT are chosen empirically or arbitrarily in previous work. In this work, we propose a framework to use DWT and Support Vector Machine (SVM) for epileptic focus localization problem based on EEG. To provide a guideline in selecting the best settings for DWT, we decompose the EEG segments in 7 commonly used wavelet families to their maximum theoretical levels. The wavelet and its level of decomposition providing the highest accuracy in each wavelet family are then used in a grid search for obtaining the optimal frequency bands and wavelet coefficient features. Our approach achieves promising performance on two widely-recognized intrancranial EEG datasets that are also seizurefree, with an accuracy of 83.07% on the Bern-Barcelona dataset and an accuracy of 88.00% on the UBonn dataset. Compared with existing DWT-based approaches in epileptic EEG analysis, the proposed approach leads to more accurate and robust results. A guideline for DWT parameter setting is provided at the end of the paper.

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