IEEE PULSE
May/June 2015

Feature May/June 2015
Biomedical Engineering Education in Japan
This year, IEEE Pulse has been examining biomedical engineering education around the world. This month, we take a look at biomedical engineering education in Japan. Biomedical engineering education in Japan started in the late 1960s, and the Japan Society of Medical... Read more
Feature May/June 2015
Information Processing for Neonatal Health Care
Health care for newborn babies, in particular in a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU), poses various challenges in defining and coordinating critical decision making processes involving their treatment and the diagnosis of disease. This is primarily due to the fact... Read more
Feature May/June 2015
Leonardo da Vinci, Artist-Engineer
Dr. Domenico Laurenza In August at EMBC15 in Milan, Dr. Domenico Laurenza, of bgC3, Kirkland-Seattle, USA and the Museo Galileo, Florence, Italy, will deliver a keynote speech entitled “Machines and microcosms. Leonardo on the human body.” Laurenza’s talk will look at... Read more
Cover Story May/June 2015
Building a Better Breast Pump
Right now thousands of women are connected to a machine. This machine is essentially a vacuum, but these women aren’t housecleaning: they’re pumping breast milk for their babies. Breast pumps are important pieces of equipment for new mothers. Both the World... Read more
It's a Question of Ethics May/June 2015
Ethical Considerations for Deep Brain Stimulation
A recent issue of IEEE Pulse (March/April 2015) featured an article by Shannon Fischer entitled “Inside Tract: Can Deep Brain Stimulation Survive Its Reputation for Success?” Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been a well-accepted therapeutic intervention for Parkinson’s disease for... Read more
State of the Art May/June 2015
Why Are Our Teachers Taking It on the Chin?
Two headlines tell it all. The first, on the cover of the 3 November 2014 issue of Time, says, “Rotten Apples: It’s Nearly Impossible to Fire a Bad Teacher.” The second, on the front page of the October 2014 issue... Read more
Feature May/June 2015
Changing the Calculus of Pediatric Product Development
First, Deliece Hofen drops the pill into hot water to soften the outside coating. Then, she slices through the center of the pill with an X-ACTO knife and squeezes the isotretinoin inside into a syringe. With the drug in liquid... Read more
Feature May/June 2015
The Heart of the Matter
The smooth, powerful muscles of a newborn baby’s heart are pulsing normally, squeezing in and letting go rhythmically as a 3-mm-wide catheter-like tube snakes its way through, entering via an artery and being guided slowly by a surgeon. When it... Read more
Feature May/June 2015
Light Plus Sound
In just a decade, optoacoustic or photoacoustic imaging has become one of the fastest growing areas of biomedical technology, exploding from just a handful of research groups in the late 1990s to more than 400 dedicated scientists and engineers today.... Read more
From the Editor May/June 2015
Listening to Light and Seeing Through: Biomedical Photoacoustic Imaging
In today’s clinical practice, human vision remains the major diagnostic imaging tool that can capture the shapes and colors of tissue surfaces. Similarly, a very popular manmade device, the camera, can copy what our eyes can see and store the... Read more
Senior Design May/June 2015
Packaging, Labeling, and Sterilization in Capstone Design
Lectures in capstone design courses provide an opportunity to present information needed by students to properly execute their projects and/or prepare them for their careers. They can be used to supplement reading assignments or introduce new material not presented elsewhere... Read more
Feature May/June 2015
Photoacoustic Microscopy
Since its invention in the 17th century, optical microscopy has revolutionized biomedical studies by scrutinizing the biological realm on cellular levels, taking advantage of its excellent light-focusing capability. However, most biological tissues scatter light highly. As light travels in tissue,... Read more
Feature May/June 2015
Looking Deeper
Optical imaging modalities such as fluorescence (FL) microscopy, multiphoton microscopy, and optical coherence tomography (OCT) have been well established for high optical contrast and high spatial resolution imaging of biological tissues. However, as they are dependent on ballistic photons, these... Read more
Feature May/June 2015
Clinical Photoacoustic Breast Imaging
Globally, breast cancer is the most frequently occurring malignancy in women and the leading cause of cancer deaths, with up to half a million women dying of the disease in 2008. Early detection and accurate diagnosis of breast cancer is... Read more
Feature May/June 2015
Retro Reproduction
On a video screen, against a black backdrop, 15 spherical blue-green cells vibrate with a quiet energy. Slowly at first, then faster, they begin to roil and roll. Within the confines of their round membrane cases, they divide, becoming two,... Read more
Feature May/June 2015
Extending Biological Imaging to the Fifth Dimension
Despite the ancient discovery of the basic physical phenomenon underlying optoacoustic imaging and tomography [1], the lack of suitable laser sources, ultrasound detection technology, data acquisition, and processing capacities has long hindered the realization of efficient imaging devices. In fact,... Read more
Retrospectroscope May/June 2015
The Good Old Blackboard and Chalk
How wonderful is to pass knowledge on and see the seed germinate to become a fruitful tree giving off many other generous trees that eventually blossom into a healthy cultural forest to lovingly cradle humanity. — Max E. Valentinuzzi Teaching means to... Read more
Book Reviews May/June 2015
Biomedical Imaging
Edited by Reiner Salzer, Wiley 2012. ISBN: 978-0-470-64847-6. xix + 423 pages, US$125.00 (hardback). This one-editor, 28-author, 12-chapter book provides a very good start-up guide for students, researchers, and clinicians looking for quick guidance on the technical fundamentals, molecular background, evaluation... Read more
Feature May/June 2015
Harnessing Online Tools to Track – and Treat – Pediatric Illness
Measles. A strange polio-like paralysis. Ebola. In the last year, the spread of infectious disease has become standard fare for the nightly news. As such diseases grab headlines, child-care providers, families, schools, and public health officials are turning to new... Read more