Design of a Device for Lower Limb Prophylaxis and Exercise

Design of a Device for Lower Limb Prophylaxis and Exercise 150 150 IEEE Journal of Translational Engineering in Health and Medicine (JTEHM)

The problem of immobility of legs leading to a potentially life threatening condition including deep venous thrombosis (DVT) is well known. The reduced mobility of leg affects a large number of patients in a wide range of clinical scenarios spanning from swelling of the legs to pulmonary embolism. In normal human beings, an elegant system of venous return, both active and passive is responsible for prevention of deep venous thrombosis. The paper proposes a prophylaxis and exercise device that mimics the natural principles of venous return to promote the blood flow. The device is based on electromechanical actuation, and simultaneous alternating compression mechanism, that is compact and, suitably form fitted in design and additionally requires no specialised training for the usage. The device was tested on a healthy volunteer on two different days and findings support the efficacy of the prophylaxis and exercise device in significantly improving the blood flow rate in the lower limb. The prototype device is considered as a major step towards designing a clinically validated lower limb device.