Goal: The SARS-CoV-2 viral infection could cause severe acute respiratory syndrome disturbing the regular breathing and leading to continuous coughing. Automatic respiration monitoring systems could provide the necessary metrics and warnings for timely intervention, especially for those with mild symptoms. Current respiration detection systems are expensive and too obtrusive for any large-scale deployment. Thus, a low-cost pervasive ambient sensor is proposed. Methods: We will posit a barometer on the working desk and develop a novel signal processing algorithm with a sparsity-based filter to remove the similar-frequency noise. Three modes (coughing, breathing and others) are conducted to detect coughing and estimate different respiration rates. Results: The proposed system achieved 97.33% accuracy of cough detection and 98.98% specificity of respiration rate estimation. Conclusions: This system could be used as an effective screening tool for detecting subjects suffering from COVID-19 symptoms and enable large scale monitoring of patients diagnosed with or recovering.
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