Stroke

In-Vivo Study of Passive Musculotendon Mechanics in Chronic Hemispheric Stroke Survivors

Author(s): Matthieu K. Chardon, Nina L. Suresh, Yasin Y. Dhaher, W. Zev Rymer
In-Vivo Study of Passive Musculotendon Mechanics in Chronic Hemispheric Stroke Survivors 574 613 Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering (TNSRE)

We characterized the passive mechanical properties of the affected and contralateral musculotendon units in 9 chronic stroke survivors as well as in 6 neurologically-intact controls. Using a position-controlled motor, we…

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Estimating Upper-Limb Impairment Level in Stroke Survivors Using Wearable Inertial Sensors and a Minimally-Burdensome Motor Task

Author(s): Brandon Oubre, Jean-Francois Daneault, Hee-Tae Jung, Kallie Whritenour, Jose Garcia Vivas Miranda, Joonwoo Park, Taekyeong Ryu, Yangsoo Kim, Sunghoon Ivan Lee
Estimating Upper-Limb Impairment Level in Stroke Survivors Using Wearable Inertial Sensors and a Minimally-Burdensome Motor Task 1798 500 Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering (TNSRE)

Upper-limb paresis is the most common motor impairment post stroke. Current solutions to automate the assessment of upper-limb impairment impose a number of critical burdens on patients and their caregivers…

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Determining User Intent of Partly Dynamic Shoulder Tasks in Individuals with Chronic Stroke using Pattern Recognition

Author(s): Joseph V. Kopke, Levi J. Hargrove, Michael D. Ellis
Determining User Intent of Partly Dynamic Shoulder Tasks in Individuals with Chronic Stroke using Pattern Recognition 1009 775 Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering (TNSRE)

Stroke remains the leading cause of long-term disability in the US. Although therapy can achieve limited improvement of paretic arm use and performance, weakness and abnormal muscle synergies—which cause unintentional…

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Effects of Vibrotactile Biofeedback Coding Schemes on Gait Symmetry Training of Individuals With Stroke

Author(s): Muhammad Raheel Afzal, Hosu Lee, Amre Eizad, Chang Han Lee, Min-Kyun Oh, Jungwon Yoon
Effects of Vibrotactile Biofeedback Coding Schemes on Gait Symmetry Training of Individuals With Stroke 272 600 Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering (TNSRE)

Variations in biofeedback coding schemes for postural control, in recent research, have shown significant differences in performance outcomes due to variations in coding schemes. However, the application of vibrotactile biofeedback…

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Robot-Assisted Reaching Performance of Chronic Stroke and Healthy Individuals in a Virtual Versus a Physical Environment: A Pilot Study

Robot-Assisted Reaching Performance of Chronic Stroke and Healthy Individuals in a Virtual Versus a Physical Environment: A Pilot Study

Author(s): Nahid Norouzi-Gheidari, Philippe S. Archambault, Joyce Fung
Robot-Assisted Reaching Performance of Chronic Stroke and Healthy Individuals in a Virtual Versus a Physical Environment: A Pilot Study 780 285 Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering (TNSRE)

   The aim of the current study was to examine the role of environment, whether virtual or physical, on robot-assisted reaching movements in chronic stroke and healthy individuals, within a…

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Robot training with vector fields based on stroke survivors’ individual movement statistics

Author(s): Zachary A. Wright, Emily Lazzaro, Kelly O. Thielbar, James L. Patton, Felix C. Huang
Robot training with vector fields based on stroke survivors’ individual movement statistics 780 931 Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering (TNSRE)

     The wide variation in upper extremity motor impairments among stroke survivors necessitates more intelligent methods of customized therapy. However, current strategies for characterizing individual motor impairments are limited by…

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Wearable Barometric Pressure Sensor to Improve Postural Transition Recognition of Mobility-Impaired Stroke Patients

Wearable Barometric Pressure Sensor to Improve Postural Transition Recognition of Mobility-Impaired Stroke Patients

Author(s): Fabien Massé, Roman Gonzenbach, Anisoara Paraschiv-Ionescu, Andreas R. Luft, Kamiar Aminian
Wearable Barometric Pressure Sensor to Improve Postural Transition Recognition of Mobility-Impaired Stroke Patients 780 202 Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering (TNSRE)

Sit-to-stand and Stand-to-sit transfers (STS) provide relevant information regarding the functional limitation of mobility- impaired patients. The characterization of STS pattern using a single trunk fixed inertial sensor has been…

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MIT-Skywalker: A Novel Gait Neurorehabilitation Robot for Stroke and Cerebral Palsy

MIT-Skywalker: A Novel Gait Neurorehabilitation Robot for Stroke and Cerebral Palsy

Author(s): Tyler Susko, Krithika Swaminathan, Hermano Igo Krebs
MIT-Skywalker: A Novel Gait Neurorehabilitation Robot for Stroke and Cerebral Palsy 780 435 Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering (TNSRE)

The MIT-Skywalker is a novel robotic device developed for the rehabilitation or habilitation of gait and balance after a neurological injury. It represents an embodiment of the concept exhibited by…

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SmartEye: Developing a Novel Eye Tracking System for Quantitative Assessment of Oculomotor Abnormalities

SmartEye: Developing a Novel Eye Tracking System for Quantitative Assessment of Oculomotor Abnormalities

Author(s): Deepesh Kumar, Anirban Dutta, Abhijit Das, Uttama Lahiri
SmartEye: Developing a Novel Eye Tracking System for Quantitative Assessment of Oculomotor Abnormalities 780 435 Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering (TNSRE)

Eye movements are a continuous and ubiquitous part of sensory perception. To properly generate highly accurate and co-ordinate ocular movements, a vast network of brain areas are engaged, from low-level…

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Controlled Nerve Ablation With Direct Current: Parameters and Mechanisms

Author(s): Einat Ravid, Arthur Prochazka
Controlled Nerve Ablation With Direct Current: Parameters and Mechanisms 556 235 Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering (TNSRE)

Abstract Spastic hypertonus (muscle over-activity) often develops after spinal cord injury or stroke. Chemodenervating agents such as Botulinum toxin A (BtA) and phenol are often used to treat this condition.…

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