We provide an open access dataset of High densitY Surface Electromyogram (HD-sEMG) Recordings (named “Hyser”), a toolbox for neural interface research, and benchmark results for pattern recognition and EMG-force applications. Data from 20 subjects were acquired twice per subject on different days following the same experimental paradigm. We acquired 256-channel HD-sEMG from forearm muscles during dexterous finger manipulations. This Hyser dataset contains five sub-datasets as: (1) pattern recognition (PR) dataset acquired during 34 commonly used hand gestures, (2) maximal voluntary muscle contraction (MVC) dataset while subjects contracted each individual finger, (3) one-degree of freedom (DoF) dataset acquired during force-varying contraction of each individual finger, (4) N-DoF dataset acquired during prescribed contractions of combinations of multiple fingers, and (5) random task dataset acquired during random contraction of combinations of fingers without any prescribed force trajectory. Dataset 1 can be used for gesture recognition studies. Datasets 2–5 also recorded individual finger forces, thus can be used for studies on proportional control of neuroprostheses. Our toolbox can be used to: (1) analyze each of the five datasets using standard benchmark methods and (2) decompose HD-sEMG signals into motor unit action potentials via independent component analysis. We expect our dataset, toolbox and benchmark analyses can provide a unique platform to promote a wide range of neural interface research and collaboration among neural rehabilitation engineers.
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