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Synthesis of La-Sr-Mn-O and La-Sr-Ca-Mn-O perovskites through solution combustion using urea at fuel deficient conditions

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La0.7Sr0.3MnO3 (LSMO) nanoparticles have been obtained via solution combustion synthesis (SCS) using urea and glycine as fuels. Also, La0.7Sr0.27Ca0.03MnO3 (LSCMO) nanoparticles have been synthesized through solution combustion using urea as fuel. In this paper, the combustion process was carried out with a fuel to oxidant ratio giving fuel deficient conditions (ϕ<1). The thermal analysis (TGA) indicate that the organic residues from the urea-nitrates gel mixture are eliminated above 600 °C and the post-synthesis heat treatment yields the formation of the desired phase without impurities. The obtained phases were analyzed using X-ray diffraction. The infrared analysis confirms the purity of the samples obtained using urea. However, the sample obtained using glycine confirms the formation of SrCO3. The morphology was analyzed using a FE-SEM microscope, and it was found that the particles present a spherical shape with a mean size of around 45 nm in the selected samples. The samples’ energy dispersive X-ray spectra show that the desired elements (La, Sr, Ca, Mn and O) are present in the nanoparticles. The measured zero field cooled (ZFC) and field cooled (FC) magnetizations were recorded from 4.5 to 380 K at 105 A/m to obtain their blocking and Curie temperatures. Moreover, the hysteresis loops measured at room temperature confirm the superparamagnetic behavior of the elaborated samples. According to the results obtained, these nanoparticles have interesting properties that make them candidates to explore not only for their potential in biomedical applications but also in refrigeration and magnetic storage devices.

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