Nanocarriers, such as liposomes and micelles, were developed to enhance the delivery of therapeutic drugs to malignant tissues. Internal or external stimuli can be applied to achieve spatiotemporal controlled release from these carriers. This will result in enhancing their therapeutic efficacy while reducing toxicity. Mathematical modeling is used to simulate drug release from nanocarriers; this will facilitate and optimize the development and design of desirable nanocarriers in a systematic manner, rather than a trial-and-error approach. This review summarizes nine mathematical models often used to simulate drug release from nanocarriers and reviews studies which employed these models to simulate drug release from conventional as well as temperature-, pH-, and ultrasound-triggered micelles and liposomes.
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