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Green Synthesis of Gold Nanoparticles by a Metal Resistant Arthrobacter nitroguajacolicus Isolated From Gold Mine

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Biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles would benefit from the development of clean, nontoxic and environmentally acceptable procedures concerning microorganisms from bacteria to fungi and even algae. Actinobacteria are soil bacteria which have the enormous ability as biotechnological tools. In this paper, we reported the biosynthesis of gold nanoparticles by a member of Arthrobacter genus isolated from Andaliyan gold mine in north-west of Iran. This metal resistance strain obtained from an acidophilic region (~ pH 5.6). The UV–vis and XRD spectra of the aqueous medium containing the strain and 1 mM HAuCl4 for 24h, demonstrated the formation of gold nanoparticles. TEM micrographs showed intra-extracellular production of gold nanoparticles with spherical shape and average size of 40 nm. The result of morphological and molecular tests revealed that the isolate was belonged to Atrhrobacter and has 100% similarity in 16SrRNA gene sequences to Arthrobacter nitroguajacolicus.

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