OJEMB presents

Recent Manuscripts

Articles
Semi-Automated Graphical System for Calculating Pulmonary Vascular Impedances in a Clinical Setting
Computer graphic on right illustrates the steps necessary to analyze PVZ using the CompositePVZ © software. This includes measuring pulmonary artery (PA) diameter, tracing of PA pressure waveforms, pulsed-wave Doppler waveforms, and corresponding electrocardiogram signals. It also illustrates the user... Read more
Articles
Local Alignment of DNA Sequence Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning
Goal: Over the decades, there have been improvements in the sequence alignment algorithm, with significant advances in various aspects such as complexity and accuracy. However, human-defined algorithms have an explicit limitation in view of developmental completeness. This paper introduces a... Read more
Articles
Ultrasound Shear Wave Elastography and Transient Optical Coherence Elastography: Side-by-Side Comparison of Repeatability and Accuracy
Objective: We compare the repeatability and accuracy of ultrasound shear wave elastography (USE) and transient optical coherence elastography (OCE). Methods: Elastic wave speed in gelatin phantoms and chicken breast was measured with USE and OCE and compared with uniaxial mechanical... Read more
Articles
Analyzing Self-Efficacy and Summary Feedback in Automated Social Skills Training
Goal: Although automated social skills training has been proposed to enhance human social skills, the following two aspects have not been adequately explored: what types of feedback are effective from virtual agents and the extent to which such systems enhance... Read more
Articles
Privacy-Preserving Deep Speaker Separation for Smartphone-Based Passive Speech Assessment
Goal: Smartphones can be used to passively assess and monitor patients’ speech impairments caused by ailments such as Parkinson’s disease, Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and neurodegenerative diseases such as Alzheimer’s disease and dementia. However, passive audio... Read more
Articles
Deep Learning Classification of Systemic Sclerosis Skin using the MobileNetV2 Model
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare autoimmune, systemic disease with prominent fibrosis of skin and internal organs. Early diagnosis of the disease is crucial for designing effective therapy and management plans. Machine learning algorithms, especially deep learning, have been found... Read more
Articles
Particle-Based COVID-19 Simulator with Contact Tracing and Testing
Goal: The COVID-19 pandemic has emerged as the most severe public health crisis in over a century. As of January 2021, there are more than 100 million cases and 2.1 million deaths. For informed decision making, reliable statistical data and... Read more
Articles
Interaction-Temporal GCN: A hybrid deep framework for Covid-19 pandemic analysis
The Covid-19 pandemic is still spreading around the world and seriously imperils humankind’s health. This swift spread has caused the public to panic and look to scientists for answers. Fortunately, these scientists already have a wealth of datathe Covid-19 reports... Read more
Articles
Preliminary Minimum Reporting Requirements for In-Vivo Neural Interface Research: I. Implantable Neural Interfaces
The pace of research and development in neuroscience, neurotechnology, and neurorehabilitation is rapidly accelerating, with the number of publications doubling every 4.2 years. Maintaining this progress requires technological standards and scientific reporting guidelines to provide frameworks for communication and interoperability.... Read more
Articles
A Roadmap towards Standards for Neurally Controlled End Effectors
The control and manipulation of various types of end effectors such as powered exoskeletons, prostheses, and neural cursors by brain-machine interface (BMI) systems has been the target of many research projects. A seamless plug and play interface between any BMI... Read more
Articles
Semi-automated control system for reaching movements in EMG shoulder disarticulation prosthesis based on mixed reality device
Goal: The development of a control system for an electromyographic shoulder disarticulation (EMG-SD) prosthesis to rapidly achieve a task with a reduction in the operational failure of the user. Methods: The motion planning of an EMG-SD prosthesis was automated using... Read more
Articles
Pairwise Heuristic Sequence Alignment Algorithm Based on Deep Reinforcement Learning
Goal: Various methods have been developed to analyze the association between organisms and their genomic sequences. Among them, sequence alignment is the most frequently used method for comparative analysis of biological genomes. We intend to propose a novel pairwise sequence alignment... Read more
Articles
Alveolar Tissue Fibers and Surfactant Effects on Lung Mechanics – Model Development and Validation on ARDS and IPF Patients
Goal: Alveolar compliance is a main determinant of lung airflow. The compliance of the alveoli is a function of their tissue fiber elasticity, fiber volume, and surface tension. The compliance varies during respiration because of the nonlinear nature of fiber... Read more
Articles
Sub-Nanowatt Ultrasonic Bio-Telemetry Using B-Scan Imaging
Goal: The objective of this paper is to investigate if the use of a B-scan ultrasound imaging system can reduce the energy requirements, and hence the power-dissipation requirements to support wireless bio-telemetry at an implantable device. Methods: B-scan imaging data were... Read more
Articles, Uncategorized
Face Coverings, Aerosol Dispersion and Mitigation of Virus Transmission Risk
The SARS-CoV-2 virus is primarily transmitted through virus-laden fluid particles ejected from the mouth of infected people. Face covers can mitigate the risk of virus transmission but their outward effectiveness is not fully ascertained. Objective: by using a background oriented... Read more
Articles
A Pervasive Respiratory Monitoring Sensor for COVID-19 Pandemic
Goal: The SARS-CoV-2 viral infection could cause severe acute respiratory syndrome disturbing the regular breathing and leading to continuous coughing. Automatic respiration monitoring systems could provide the necessary metrics and warnings for timely intervention, especially for those with mild symptoms.... Read more
Articles
Modeling the Steady-State Effects of Mean Arterial Pressure on the Kidneys
Goal: We describe the relationship between mean arterial pressure (MAP) and glomerular filtration rate (GFR) since therapies affecting MAP can have large effects on kidney function. Methods: We developed a closed-loop, steady-state mechanistic model of the human kidney with a... Read more
Articles
The Influence of Impeller Geometries on Hemolysis in Bearingless Centrifugal Pumps
Goal: The importance of the main impeller design parameters in bearingless centrifugal pumps with respect to hemolysis for cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) and extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) applications are studied in this work. Methods: Impeller prototypes were designed based on theoretical... Read more
Articles
The COSMIC Bubble Helmet: A non-invasive positive pressure ventilation system for COVID-19
The Cosmic Bubble Helmet is a modified helmet non-invasive pressure ventilator that is an alternative to invasive ventilation. With a flexible neck seal and transparent hood, the device is effective in minimizing viral aerosolization risk and is designed for the... Read more
Articles
Directed Connectivity Analysis of the Neuro-Cardio- and Respiratory Systems Reveals Novel Biomarkers of Susceptibility to SUDEP
The paper describes the results from a unique experimental and analytical study in a well-controlled animal model of Sudden Unexpected Death in Epilepsy (SUDEP). As the name implies, SUDEP is difficult to impossible to study in humans due to the... Read more
Articles
Wearable adaptive resistance training improves ankle strength, walking efficiency and mobility in cerebral palsy: a pilot clinical trial
Goal: To determine the efficacy of wearable adaptive resistance training for rapidly improving walking ability in children with cerebral palsy (CP). Methods: Six children with spastic CP (five males, one female; mean age 14y 11mo; three hemiplegic, three diplegic; Gross... Read more