IEEE PULSE
September/October 2014

Cover Story September/October 2014
Weaving Innovation: Technical Textile Applications in Healthcare
Technical Textiles is a term that is growing in popularity both within the textile industry and the research community. With several other alternatives (like smart textile, intelligent textile, and performance textile), this term remains the most encompassing and most descriptive... Read more
Feature September/October 2014
Notes from India: Fuzzifying Biomedical Engineering Education
Biomedical engineering (BME) is a bit of a rebel academic discipline. Though many students and young professionals believe in its binary compartmentalization [1], evidence from academia and experiences shared by young BME professionals strongly suggests the opposite. In India, there... Read more
Feature September/October 2014
Tutorial: Is Your Health Care Innovation Commercially Viable?
When it comes to health care technology-based ventures, the emperor’s new clothes syndrome is well known: Enthusiastic engineers develop a promising new technology only to discover that the new technology is not commercially viable. Why does this happen? What is... Read more
Feature September/October 2014
What Architecture and Bioengineering Have in Common
Above: The Fab Tree Hab by Mitchell Joachim, Javier Arbona and Lara Greden presents a sophisticated methodology to grow homes from living native trees. The 100% living habitat is prefabricated using Computer Numeric Controlled (CNC) reusable scaffolding, manufactured off-site in... Read more
Feature September/October 2014
How’s My Sleep?
When it comes to health and fitness, there’s an app for just about everything. Want to track how many steps you’ve taken today? There’s an app for that. Want to track the calories you’ve consumed? There’s an app for that,... Read more
Feature September/October 2014
Polysomnography
Hans Berger published the first human electroencephalograph (EEG) recording in 1924 [1]. He used a device called the string galvanometer to record brain waves on a light-sensitive plate. The fluctuating potential difference from the scalp oscillated at eight to 13... Read more
From the Editor September/October 2014
Single Cell Sequencing: The Future of Cancer Care
Imagine that you have recently been diagnosed with cancer and have discussed treatment options with your oncologist. Twenty years ago, there would only be a limited number of unattractive treatment options from which to choose, depending on tumor progression. A... Read more
Feature September/October 2014
Sleep On It
Every night, around the world, 7 billion people lie down to sleep. Their eyes close, their bodies relax, and their brain waves begin to smooth from the chaos of wakefulness into slower, synchronized waves. As their thoughts begin to lose... Read more
President's Message September/October 2014
Balancing Engineering and Biology in Bioengineering
For most of my career, I have heard rumors that engineering comprises a set of silos, with each discipline narrowly defined by a strict set of its own coursework and practices. Indeed, this has been the popular image of engineering for perhaps... Read more
Feature September/October 2014
Wireless Sleep Measurement
“The main facts in human life are five: birth, food, sleep, love, and death.” —E.M. Forster Despite the fact that we spend nearly one third of our lives asleep, surprisingly little was known about sleep until the 20th century. Now, sleep medicine... Read more
From the Editor September/October 2014
Sleep Disorders: Fertile Ground for Novel Engineering Approaches
We spend roughly one-third of our lives asleep. Although the primary function of sleep remains a topic of debate among researchers, there is agreement that sleep is important for the rejuvenation of many bodily functions. The endocrine and immune systems are particularly... Read more
Feature September/October 2014
Out of Touch
The impact of poor and disrupted sleep on an individual is significant, affecting the quality of life physiologically, psychologically, and financially. It is estimated that a large population of people who suffer from sleep disorders is unaware of the condition... Read more
Feature September/October 2014
Looking Beyond First-World Problems
Each year, the developed world is flooded with complex new medical technologies, from robotic prosthetics to remote-controlled aspirin implants. Meanwhile, only about 10% of health research funds are spent addressing the pressing problems of developing nations, although these countries make... Read more
Feature September/October 2014
Pediatric Sleep-Related Breathing Disorders
We understand now that sleep of sufficient length and quality is required for good health. This is particularly true for infants and children, who have the added physiologic task of growth and development, as compared to their adult counterparts. Sleep-related... Read more
State of the Art September/October 2014
Should Bioengineering Graduates Seek Employment in the Defense Industry?
They say that the difference between a mechanical engineer and a civil engineer is that the mechanical engineer develops weapons whereas a civil engineer designs targets. The implication is that some engineers are involved with building peaceful infrastructure whereas others... Read more
Senior Design September/October 2014
Entrepreneurship in Capstone Design: Has the Pendulum Swung Too Far?
During the 2013 Biomedical Engineering Society meeting in Seattle, Washington, I spoke with a department chair about his program’s capstone design course. He mentioned that he told his capstone design faculty that he wanted at least two of this year’s... Read more
Retrospectroscope September/October 2014
Strange Musical Rhythms
Music, along with its attached rhythm, has been with man for centuries, developing and evolving along with him. Its influence on human behavior and mood can reach levels whose limits are still unknown, especially in everything related to perception, where... Read more
Society News September/October 2014
IEEE Ceremony Honors Excellence in Engineering
CAPTION: Pictured above, from left to right, Robert de Marca, IEEE President, Leroy Hood, recipient of the 2014 IEEE Medal for Innovations in Healthcare Technology, Donna Hudson, past EMBS president and current chair of the IEEE Lifesciences Technical Community and... Read more
Continuing Education, September/October 2014
Short-Term Strategic Career Planning: No, It’s Never Too Early!
No one is going to look after your career for you, but you,” states Erin Malone in her 2004 article “Planning your Future” [1]. Nor will anyone wait for you to get your act together! So what’s the best way... Read more
Feature September/October 2014
Engineering Sleep Disorders
Among the most common sleep disorders are those related to disruptions in airflow (apnea) or reductions in the breath amplitude (hypopnea) with or without obstruction of the upper airway (UA). One of the most important sleep disorders is obstructive sleep... Read more
News and Notes September/October 2014
How We Should Be Teaching Math
If you’ve ever wondered why science and math education lag in the United States, EMBS Executive Committee Member Barbara Oakley, has an idea. In part, it’s because students are never allowed a true mastery of science, technology, engineering and math... Read more
Feature September/October 2014
Seeing Sleep
Sleep disordered breathing in children ranges from snoring, which has a prevalence of 12%, to obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) syndrome, which has a prevalence of 2–3% in the general population [1]. The underlying causes of pediatric OSA are extremely complex.... Read more
Feature September/October 2014
Data-Driven Phenotyping
Sleep apnea is a multifactorial disease with a complex underlying physiology, which includes the chemoreflex feedback loop controlling ventilation. The instability of this feedback loop is one of the key factors contributing to a number of sleep disorders, including Cheyne–Stokes... Read more