March/April 2014

Feature March/April 2014
Decoding Dance
Laurent and Larry Bourgeois look more like cyborgs than humans when they dance. Their movements are impossible—their upper bodies gyrating independently of their lower extremities. Their moves are sporadic, easily mistaken as a video editing trick of starting, freezing, speeding... Read more
Online Exclusive, March/April 2014
Sensing Challenges
John McDevitt, the Brown-Wiess Professor of Bioengineering and Chemistry at Rice University, thinks we are on the brink of a significant transformation in medical diagnostics—but it’s going to take some serious, committed research and engineering to make it happen. “It’s very... Read more
Cover Story March/April 2014
The Diabetes Epidemic: Spotlight on the U.S.
Next month, IEEE PULSE will take an in depth look at the worldwide diabetes epidemic. We’ll be exploring societal and demographic trends around the world, as well as new initiatives involving telemedicine and mobile apps that help manage the disease... Read more
Feature March/April 2014
Leroy Hood’s Systematic Approach
This is the first in a series of features on EMBC 2014, the 36th Annual International Conference of IEEE’s Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society, taking place in Chicago, IL, USA in August. In the 1970s, as a young faculty member... Read more
Feature March/April 2014
Diplomat in China: A Scientist’s View of the Risks and Rewards of International Collaborations
Professor Innocenzi is the Science and Technology Counselor at the Embassy of Italy in the People’s Republic of China in Beijing. He is also a full professor of Materials Science and Technology at the University of Sassari, Italy. He has served as the... Read more
News and Notes March/April 2014
Crowdfunding the Next Generation of Scientists?
A biomedical engineering lab at UC Irvine is trying a bold new experiment: crowd-funding a lab project to address lagging rankings of Science Technology Engineering and Mathematic education (STEM) in the United States. Michelle Khine’s Lab at UC Irvine has launched... Read more
Feature March/April 2014
Regulating Nanomedicine
In 1979, a Hebrew University biochemist named Yechezkel ­Barenholz teamed with Alberto Gabizon, a newly minted Ph.D. from the Weizmann Institute of Science, to find a better way to give chemotherapeutic doxorubicin to patients with cancer. Sixteen years later, the result of... Read more
Feature March/April 2014
Size Matters
Why are nanomaterials such a hot ticket? It’s all about size. Thanks to their small dimensions (at least one dimension fewer than about 100 nm) and, therefore, high ratio of surface area to volume, nanoparticles have some very unusual and... Read more
Feature March/April 2014
How Nanomaterials Are Reshaping Biomedical Technology
Three leading figures in the world of nanotechnology research, commercialization, and policy were invited by IEEE Pulse to discuss how this rapidly emerging area has been shaping biomedical technology in recent years, as well as its most promising applications in years to... Read more
Feature March/April 2014
At the Interface of Disciplines
Five years ago, Jeffrey Karp sat down to a dinner party with Massachusetts General Hospital dermatologist R. Rox Anderson. The two started talking, and by the end of the evening, Karp—himself a bioengineer at the nearby Brigham and Women’s Hospital—knew... Read more
Feature March/April 2014
Miniature Medicine
The 21st century has embraced miniaturization and witnessed the emergence of multidisciplinary nanotechnology in the medical field, popularly known as nanomedicine. It has long been established that chronic infections such as hepatitis and malaria, as well as diseases such as cancer and... Read more
Feature March/April 2014
Small and Bright
Transforming diamond sizes from the micron regime into a few billionths of a meter probably doesn’t increase their value in jewelry, but it certainly adds an extraordinary value in numerous physical science, engineering, and medical applications. Nanodiamonds are generally defined as synthetic... Read more
Feature March/April 2014
On the Horizon
Our bodies have the amazing ability to self-trigger tissue regeneration when required to repair or renew tissues. Adult stem cells emerge from their niche and are instructed by local environmental factors to differentiate into the needed specific phenotypes once they... Read more
Feature March/April 2014
A Doctor in the Palm of Your Hand
Suppose you were out on a small boat, 100 mi from shore, with a few friends. Suddenly, one of them begins coughing hard and complaining of aches and pains and chills. It could just be the start of a bad... Read more
Feature March/April 2014
The Race to Build a Better Shoe
For years, shoes have been made around the same stock designs without an appreciation of the forces during walking and running that are related to lower extremity injury—including debilitating knee osteoarthritis. And while for the last 30–40 years especially, the... Read more
Feature March/April 2014
The Super Aged Society
Humankind today is facing an array of challenges—global climate change, the depletion of natural resources, water scarcity, and an aging population, just to name a few. It is more important now than ever for us to address these issues and... Read more
State of the Art March/April 2014
The Fallacy of Genetic Selection
“Genetic elements … contribute to survival and reproduction of the organism. Those that do not are quickly weeded out by selection.” —Rob Dorit [1] This common statement, and ones like it, is grossly misleading. The assumption behind the assertion that genes are... Read more
President's Message March/April 2014
Biomedical and Health Informatics: Future Prospects for the Field and for Our Students
It is now common knowledge that BME is one of the fastest growing job markets percentagewise [1]. Still, this job market is relatively small at fewer than 20,000 U.S. jobs, so even a large percentage increase is minor compared to... Read more
Graduate Life March/April 2014
The Figure One Problem
Like many undergraduate students, my plans and ideas for my career trajectory evolved over time. As I have written about before, I went back and forth during college about whether to pursue an M.D.-only or M.D./Ph.D. degree. No matter where I fell... Read more
Continuing Education, March/April 2014
ETAT 2013: Reflections on the First IEEE EMBS International Summer School on Telemedicine
The first IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biological Society (EMBS) Summer School on Emerging Technologies and Applications in Telemedicine (ETAT) was held 25–31 August 2013 in Slovakia. ETAT was cosponsored by IEEE EMBS, the National Centre of Telemedicine Services at... Read more
From the Editor March/April 2014
Life as a Serial Entrepreneur
Recently, I was sitting in a local coffee shop trying to think of a topic for my editorial in this issue of IEEE Pulse, and I was having little success. I thought it ironic that I spend the majority of my day writing e-mails, proposals, and reports but couldn’t think... Read more
Book Reviews March/April 2014
MRI Essentials for Innovative Technologies
Giuseppe Placidi, CRC Press, 2012. ISBN: 978-1-4398-4040-5 (Hardback). xxiv + 192 pages, US$89.95. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the most versatile and fastest-growing modality in diagnostic imaging, and is considered to be one of the most important medical advances of the... Read more
Society News March/April 2014
2014 Elected EMBS Fellows
The IEEE Board of Directors approved the newly elevated Fellows for 2014. Please join us in congratulating our colleagues on this prestigious accomplishment! Martin Buss Technische Universitaet Muenchen for contributions to haptic telepresence systems and autonomous robots Branko Celler Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisations... Read more
Book Reviews March/April 2014
Biomedical Signal and Image Processing, 2nd Edition
Kayvan Najarian and Robert Splinter, CRC Press, 2012. ISBN: 978-1-4398-7033-4 (Hardback). xxv + 385 pages, US$89.45. It is difficult to find a book that covers both biomedical image processing and biomedical signal processing that also has good coverage of the physics... Read more
Retrospectroscope March/April 2014
An Early Telegraph Idea: Physicians Often Feel Attracted to Engineering
The objectives of medicine are to restore, maintain, and improve human health applying the biomedical sciences. The objectives of engineering are to restore, improve, and maintain human wellbeing applying the physico-­chemical and mathematical sciences. Both are practical activities with similar targets,... Read more