January/February 2015

Cover Story January/February 2015
The Robot Will See You Now
In a 2013 TEDxMidAtlantic talk, a robot wheels onstage, displaying the face of Henry Evans, a mute and paraplegic technology enthusiast located 3,000 miles away. In 2002, Evans, a former Silicon Valley executive, suffered a stroke at age 40 that... Read more
Feature January/February 2015
Reengineering Dead Organs: Opportunities for the Non-squeamish Engineer
Above: “Preclinical testing of machine perfusion.” Photo courtesy of Korkut Uygun. Replacing our failed body parts with new organs to achieve eternal life has captivated our imagination for generations. Seemingly futuristic, yet the pioneering steps were taken over a century ago, which... Read more
Feature January/February 2015
Obesity in Turkish Migrants
We’re fat. As a planet, we are bulking up, with nearly one-third of the Earth’s population estimated to be either overweight or obese. Turks are no different. More than one-third of those over the age of 15 can be classified... Read more
From the Editor January/February 2015
BME Trends Around the World
Last year, IEEE Pulse surveyed the scene in biomedical engineering to determine what new and developing trends were expected to dominate in the coming year. We accurately predicted the rise in prominence of neurotechnology, the increasing role of nanotechnology in... Read more
Feature January/February 2015
State of the ART
In 1997, a science fiction film titled Gattaca premiered in U.S. theaters, depicting a society sometime in the not-so-distant future in which people are crafted for and judged by the quality of their genetic material. Unhealthy genetic predispositions to conditions... Read more
President's Message January/February 2015
Passing the Torch
One of the true honors of being the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology Society (EMBS) president is the opportunity to write the “President’s Message” for IEEE Pulse. I have greatly enjoyed having this platform to express my enthusiasm for... Read more
Feature January/February 2015
Babies from Skin Cells?
“It may sound like it’s on the scientific fringe, but it’s not a pipe dream. This is actually happening.” When stem-cell researcher Dr. Kyle Orwig, of the University of Pittsburgh Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, made this remark,... Read more
State of the Art January/February 2015
Going Solar
Since 2008, the solar-generating capacity in the United States has increased by 1,200%, and the Johnson household is now one more. Last spring, we had solar panels installed on the roof of our house. Since then, sunny days have more... Read more
Feature January/February 2015
Frontiers in Male Contraception
On the female side, when it comes to contraception, there’s an arsenal of options. There’s the pill, patches, implants, injectable hormones, sponges, spermicides, cervical caps, diaphragms, morning-after pills, and the intrauterine device. But when it comes to men, the choices, in comparison,... Read more
Feature January/February 2015
Maternal Health in Developing Countries
The fact that every 90 seconds, somewhere in the world, a woman dies during pregnancy or childbirth is simply unacceptable. What is even more shocking is that most of these deaths are preventable if appropriate care is available. The death... Read more
Retrospectroscope January/February 2015
A History of the Convolution Operation
[accordion title=”About Convolution and Alex”] Either write something worth reading or do something worth writing. — Benjamin Franklin (1706-1790) Math and music are two areas that have attracted my attention ever since I was in elementary and high school. No doubt, a... Read more
Continuing Education, January/February 2015
Are You Receiving the Mentorship You Need?
“Having good mentors early in one’s career can mean the difference between success and failure in any field,” states the 2007 article “Nature’s Guide for Mentors.” No one can make decisions for you, but the right people can help broaden... Read more
Feature January/February 2015
Journey of a Thousand Miles
The arid desert and mountainous region of Balochistan is the largest province of Pakistan, representing 44% of the land mass but with only 5% of the total population. Poverty remains widespread with the poorest households surviving on US$35 per month... Read more
Book Reviews January/February 2015
Transitioning from the Lab Bench to Business
Eugene Kohr, Academic Press, 2014. ISBN: 978-0-12-410516-4, xx + 21 pages, US$49.95. From Academia to Entrepreneur: Lessons from the Real World by Eugene Khor is an interesting, compact, reasonably priced, 13-chapter textbook conveying lessons learned by the author both during his... Read more
Feature January/February 2015
The Birds, the Bees, and Technology
In 1978, “test tube baby” Louise Joy Brown became the first person born through the use of in vitro fertilization (IVF). Since then, the number of babies delivered with help from IVF or other assisted reproductive technology (ART) totaled about... Read more
Feature January/February 2015
Twisted Lines
At the mention of nylon, you may think of shirts, stockings, fishing line, and sutures. A recent discovery, first reported in February 2014 in Science, is that the strong, tough, and inexpensive threads that make up fabrics and filaments can actively contract and expand—with much greater force... Read more
Feature January/February 2015
Assisted Reproductive Microchip Technologies to Improve Infertility
Infertility is a Significant Clinical Issue It is reported that 5.3 million American couples of reproductive age are affected by infertility. Among these couples, male factors account for up to 50%, necessitating the identification of key parameters dictating male fertility, including... Read more
Feature January/February 2015
Emergency Preparedness
A man walks into the Emergency Room at Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) in Boston, MA. He has just returned from Liberia, where an Ebola epidemic rages. He has a fever, is nauseous and has been vomiting. Quickly assessing the situation,... Read more
News and Notes January/February 2015
MedImage 2014 at the 9th Indian Conference on Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing
The 3rd edition of the day-long workshop MedImage 2014 was held December 2014 at the 9th Indian Conference on Computer Vision, Graphics and Image Processing (ICVGIP) organized at the Indian Institute of Sciences (IISc), Bangalore, India. The workshop showcased work-in-progress,... Read more