Biomedical and Bioengineering Innovation

Rise of the Nanorobots

Rise of the Nanorobots

Author(s): Stanislav Tsitkov, Henry Hess
Rise of the Nanorobots 618 371 IEEE Pulse

In 1988, a Scientific American article by A.K. Dewdney [1] on the work of nanotechnologist K. Eric Drexler spurred public interest in the nascent field of nanotechnology and its potential…

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The Virtual Human Project

The Visible Human Project

Author(s): Michael J. Ackerman
The Visible Human Project 618 371 IEEE Pulse

Atlases of anatomy have long been a mainstay for visualizing and identifying features of the human body [1]. Many are constructed of idealized illustrations rendered so that structures are presented as…

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The Virtual Human Project

Of Fields and Phantoms

Author(s): Ze'ev Bomzon, Cornelia Wenger
Of Fields and Phantoms 618 371 IEEE Pulse

Cancer represents a compilation of diseases characterized by rapidly dividing, invasive cells. Worldwide data indicate that over 14 million new cancers were diagnosed in 2012, with a projected increase of…

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The Virtual Human Project

Virtual Humans for Implantable Device Safety Assessment in MRI

Author(s): James E. Brown, Rui Qiang, Paul J. Stadnik, Larry J. Stotts, Jeffrey A. Von Arx
Virtual Humans for Implantable Device Safety Assessment in MRI 618 371 IEEE Pulse

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is the preferred modality for soft tissue imaging because of its nonionizing radiation and lack of contrast agent. Due to interactions between the MR system and…

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The Virtual Human Project

ITK-SNAP

Author(s): Paul A. Yushkevich, Guido Gerig
ITK-SNAP 618 371 IEEE Pulse

Imaging is a crucial tool in medicine and biomedical research. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computational tomography (CT), proton emission tomography (PET), and ultrasound are routinely used not only to diagnose…

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The Virtual Human Project

Researching Fiber Networks

Author(s): Sergey Makarov, Alvaro Pascual-Leone, Aapo Nummenmaa
Researching Fiber Networks 618 371 IEEE Pulse

Many types of human tissue—such as the brain and spinal cord of the central nervous system, the peripheral nervous system, and muscles, including the heart muscle—are fibrous in nature. Isotropic…

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The Virtual Human Project

CAD-Based Virtual Humans

Author(s): Gregory Noetscher, Nicholas D. Maino, Patrick Lacroix, Marc Horner, Sara Louie
CAD-Based Virtual Humans 618 371 IEEE Pulse

Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a ubiquitous tool used in clinical settings around the world to provide detailed three-dimensional information on the internal anatomy and physiology of human patients without…

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The Virtual Human Project

Human Breast Phantoms

Author(s): Luz Maria Neira, R. Owen Mays, Susan C. Hagness
Human Breast Phantoms 618 371 IEEE Pulse

Over the past two decades, there has been enormous growth in research activity for microwave diagnostic and therapeutic technologies that target the breast. The clinical need for new tools in…

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2D:4D Finger Ratio as an Indication of Prenatal Testosterone Exposure

Author(s): Art Johnson
2D:4D Finger Ratio as an Indication of Prenatal Testosterone Exposure 150 150 IEEE Pulse

The ratio of the length of the second (index) finger to the length of the fourth (ring) finger on the right hand is termed the 2D:4D ratio (Figure 1). This…

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