The COSMIC Bubble Helmet: A non-invasive positive pressure ventilation system for COVID-19
The Cosmic Bubble Helmet is a modified helmet non-invasive pressure ventilator that is an alternative to invasive ventilation. With a flexible neck seal and transparent hood, the device is effective in minimizing viral aerosolization risk and is designed for the COVID-19 pandemic with practitioners and patients in mind. IEEE OJEMB TECHNOLOGY LETTER 1 Abstract-Goal: COSMIC Medical, a Vancouver-based open-source volunteer initiative, has designed an accessible, affordable, and aerosol-confining non-invasive positive-pressure ventilator (NIPPV) device, known as the COSMIC Bubble Helmet (CBH). This device is intended for COVID-19 patients with mild-to-moderate acute respiratory distress syndrome. System Design: CBH is composed of thermoplastic polyurethane, which creates a flexible neck seal and transparent hood. This device can be connected to wall oxygen, NIPPVs including Continuous Positive Airway Pressure and Bi-level Positive Airway Pressure, and mechanical ventilators. Discussion: Justification of CBH design components relied on several factors, predominantly the safety and comfort of patients and healthcare providers. Conclusion: CBH has implications within and outside of the pandemic, as an alternative to invasive mechanical ventilation methods. We have experimentally verified that CBH is effective in minimizing aerosolization risks and performs at specified clinical requirements.