OJEMB presents

Comparison of Signal Processing Methods for Reducing Motion Artifacts in High-Density Electromyography During Human Locomotion

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Objective: High-density electromyography (EMG) is useful for studying changes in myoelectric activity within a muscle during human movement, but it is prone to motion artifacts during locomotion. We compared canonical correlation analysis and principal component analysis methods for signal decomposition and component filtering with a traditional EMG high-pass filtering approach to quantify their relative performance at removing motion artifacts from high-density EMG of the gastrocnemius and tibialis anterior muscles during human walking and running. Results: Canonical correlation analysis filtering provided a greater reduction in signal content at frequency bands associated with motion artifacts than either traditional high-pass filtering or principal component analysis filtering. Canonical correlation analysis filtering also minimized signal reduction at frequency bands expected to consist of true myoelectric signal. Conclusions: Canonical correlation analysis filtering appears to outperform a standard high-pass filter and principal component analysis filter in cleaning high-density EMG collected during fast walking or running.

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