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Accelerometer Based Assessment of Intestinal Peristalsis: Towards Miniaturized Low Power Solutions for Intestinal Implants

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Intestinal electrical stimulation via implants is already used to treat several disorders like constipation or incontinence. Stimulation parameters are most often empiric and not based on systematic studies. One prerequisite to evaluate effects of intestinal electrical stimulation is a direct assessment of intestinal motility. Some common methods are strain gauge transducers or manometry. With both the methods, it is not possible to record the exact 3-D movement. Therefore, we established a new method to record gastrointestinal motility with ultraminiaturized accelerometers, directly glued to the outer surface of the stomach, small intestine, and colon. With this technique, we were able to record precise local motility changes after electrical stimulation. Due to the low energy demand and the small size of the system, it is potentially useful for chronic measurements at multiple sites of the intestinal tract. We will present our first results regarding stimulation-dependent motility changes using up to eight implanted accelerometers in an acute pig model.

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