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A Practical Electronic Health Record-based Dry Weight Supervision Model for Hemodialysis Patients

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Objective : Dry Weight (DW) is a typical hemodialysis (HD) prescription for End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) patients. However, an accurate DW assessment is difficult due to the complication of body components and individual variations. Our objective is to model a clinically practicable DW estimator. Method : We proposed a time series-based regression method to evaluate the weight fluctuation of HD patients according to Electronic Health Record (EHR). A total of 34 patients with 5100 HD sessions data were selected and partitioned into three groups; in HD-stabilized, HD-intolerant, and near-death. Each group’s most recent 150 HD sessions data were adopted to evaluate the proposed model. Results : Within a 0.5 kg absolute error margin, our model achieved 95.44%, 91.95%, and 83.12% post-dialysis weight prediction accuracies for the HD-stabilized, HD-intolerant, and near-death groups, respectively. Within a 1%relative error margin, the proposed method achieved 97.99%, 95.36%, and 66.38% accuracies. For HD-stabilized patients, the Mean Absolute Error (MAE) of the proposed method was 0.17 kg ± 0.04 kg. In the model comparison experiment, the performance test showed that the quality of the proposed model was superior to those of the state-of-the-art models. Conclusion : The outcome of this research indicates that the proposed model could potentially automate the clinical weight management for HD patients. Clinical Impact : This work can aid physicians to monitor and estimate DW. It can also be a health risk indicator for HD patients.

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