Transactions on Neural Systems and Rehabilitation Engineering

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Capsule Attention for Multimodal EEG-EOG Representation Learning with Application to Driver Vigilance Estimation
Driver vigilance estimation is an important task for transportation safety. Wearable and portable brain-computer interface devices provide a powerful means for real-time monitoring of the vigilance level of drivers to help with avoiding distracted or impaired driving. In this paper,... Read more
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Deep-Learning-Based Emergency Stop Prediction for Robotic Lower-Limb Rehabilitation Training Systems
Robotic lower-limb rehabilitation training is a better alternative for the physical training efforts of a therapist due to advantages, such as intensive repetitive motions, economical therapy, and quantitative assessment of the level of motor recovery through the measurement of force... Read more
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Autoencoder-Inspired Convolutional Network-Based Super-Resolution Method in MRI
Objective: To introduce an MRI in-plane resolution enhancement method that estimates High-Resolution (HR) MRIs from Low-Resolution (LR) MRIs. Method & Materials: Previous CNN-based MRI super-resolution methods cause loss of input image information due to the pooling layer. An Autoencoder-inspired Convolutional... Read more
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Tenodesis Grasp Detection in Egocentric Video
Cervical spinal cord injury (cSCI) can impair motor function in the upper limbs. Video from wearable cameras (egocentric video) has the potential to provide monitoring of rehabilitation outcomes at home, but methods for automated analysis of this data are needed.... Read more
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Learning Multiparametric Biomarkers for Assessing MR-Guided Focused Ultrasound Treatment of Malignant Tumors
A significant challenge for noninvasive MR-guided focused ultrasound (MRgFUS) treatment is assessing the viability of treated tissue during and immediately after MRgFUS procedures. Current clinical assessment uses contrast agents that prevent continuing MRgFUS treatment if tumor coverage is inadequate. This work presents a novel, noncontrast, learned multiparametric MR biomarker that can be used during treatment for iterative assessment with inhibiting treatment continuation. Trained using a novel volume-conserving registration algorithm, the presented noncontrast biomarker outperformed the current clinical standard on a VX2 rabbit tumor model. Details on the registration and deep learning model are included... Read more
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Deep Learning for Accelerometric Data Assessment and Ataxic Gait Monitoring
Ataxic gait monitoring and assessment of neurological disorders belong to important multidisciplinary areas that are supported by digital signal processing methods and machine learning tools. This paper presents the possibility of using accelerometric data to optimise deep learning convolutional neural... Read more
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Deep Learning Classification of Systemic Sclerosis Skin using the MobileNetV2 Model
Systemic sclerosis (SSc) is a rare autoimmune, systemic disease with prominent fibrosis of skin and internal organs. Early diagnosis of the disease is crucial for designing effective therapy and management plans. Machine learning algorithms, especially deep learning, have been found... Read more
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MLBF-Net: A Multi-Lead-Branch Fusion Network for Multi-Class Arrhythmia Classification Using 12-Lead ECG
Automatic arrhythmia detection using 12-lead electrocardiogram (ECG) signal plays a critical role in early prevention and diagnosis of cardiovascular diseases. In the previous studies on automatic arrhythmia detection, most methods concatenated 12 leads of ECG into a matrix, and then... Read more
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Improved High-density Myoelectric Pattern Recognition Control Against Electrode Shift Using Data Augmentation and Dilated Convolutional Neural NetworkT
The objective of this work is to develop a robust method for myoelectric control towards alleviating the in-terference of electrode shift. Methods: In the proposed method, a preprocessing approach was first performed to convert high-den-sity surface electromyogram (HD-sEMG) signals into a series of images, and the electrode shift appeared as pixel shift in these im-ages... Read more
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Deep Learning Architecture to Assist with Steering a Powered Wheelchair
This paper describes a novel Deep Learning architecture to assist with steering a powered wheelchair. A rule-based approach is utilized to train and test a Long Short Term Memory (LSTM) Neural Network. It is the first time a LSTM has been used for steering a powered wheelchair... Read more