November/December 2018

Feature November/December 2018
Opening Act
When an artery is blocked, stents are often the best way to open up the vessel. A mesh stent is tightly crimped over a tiny balloon and guided to the troubled spot; the balloon is inflated, expanding the stent, which... Read more
Cover Story November/December 2018
Direct-To-Consumer Genetic Testing
Most genetic testing requires a doctor’s prescription. In April 2017, however, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) gave genetics company 23andMe the go-ahead to sell DNA tests assessing the user’s level of risk for ten health conditions, including Parkinson’s... Read more
State of the Art November/December 2018
Adequate, Not Best
What almost all students and many faculty members don’t realize is that engineering design/application solutions are rarely the best (or optimal). Indeed, most engineering solutions could probably be described as adequate. The best solutions are too costly, either in terms... Read more
Retrospectroscope November/December 2018
The Holy Grail and the Female Uterus
If all men are born free, how is it that all women are born slaves? —Mary Astell (1666–1731), considered the first English feminist writer Figure 1 compares a chalice (also called a calyx or goblet) to the female uterus. To start, observe... Read more
Book Reviews November/December 2018
A College-Level Overview of Biomedical Instrumentation
By Andrew G. Webb, Cambridge University Press, 2018, ISBN 978-1-10- 711313-8, 323 pages, $US90. This text (one of the 13 books currently available in the Cambridge Texts in Biomedical Engineering series) is aimed at late sophomore- or early junior-level students, “with... Read more
Feature November/December 2018
Healthcare in the Age of Interoperability: Part 2
This is the second in a series of articles on the dramatic transformation taking place in health informatics, in large part because of the new Health Level 7 (HL7) Fast Healthcare Interoperability Resources (FHIR) standard. The first article provided background... Read more
Feature November/December 2018
A New Vision for Preventing Pressure Ulcers
With an aging population, the incidence and prevalence of wound problems is on the rise. Bedsores (also known as pressure ulcers or decubitus ulcers) are painful, take months to heal, and, for many patients, never do, leading to other health problems.... Read more
Feature November/December 2018
Discovering Cancer Earlier
According to the National Cancer Institute, 4 million people die of cancer worldwide every year—almost 500 every hour. But the most shocking thing about that statistic is this: more than a third and possibly even the vast majority of those... Read more
Feature November/December 2018
AI Tackles Hospital Infections
For Ashley Zappia (pictured lower right), getting her hands dirty was part of her job. Even though she always tried to remain as clean as possible, her work as a nursing aide at a Southern California hospital required a lot... Read more
News and Notes November/December 2018
6 Pediatric Device Innovators Awarded a Total of $150K at Children’s National 6th Annual Pediatric Device Symposium
Six companies presenting innovative medical devices that address significant unmet needs in pediatric healthcare were awarded a total of $150,000 in grants yesterday in Philadelphia, Penn. at the Sixth Annual Pediatric Device Innovation Symposium organized by the Sheikh Zayed Institute for Pediatric Surgical Innovation at... Read more