IEEE PULSE
July/August 2015

Cover Story July/August 2015
Voices for the Voiceless: Rupal Patel is Creating Personalized Prosthetic Voices
Maeve Flack is a spunky, spirited 8-year-old. She also has cerebral palsy and communicates with a speech synthesizer, using her eye gaze to control what she says. Her mother, Kara, is thrilled her daughter can express herself. But the voice that... Read more
Feature July/August 2015
New Dental Tech Says a Mouthful
Above: Dentistry has evolved considerably, first with digital dental radiography, then cone beam computed tomography, and now intraoral scanning, which includes scans made with lasers, a series of LED lights, or high-speed video imaging, according to Jonathan Ferencz. Here, he uses... Read more
Feature July/August 2015
Talking Sense
Above: Nicholas Constant wearing the Big Ears. A man with a strange contraption behind his right ear paces a hallway. Wires trail from his ear to a battery pack tucked into his waistband. A woman carefully squeezes a bag filled with... Read more
Society News July/August 2015
Open for Comments: "Rehabilitation Engineers, Technologists, and Technicians: Vital Members of the Assistive Technology Team"
RESNA’s Rehabilitation Engineer and Technologist Professional Specialty Group (PSG 4) is requesting public comments on a draft white paper that seeks to define the current roles and responsibilities of the following AT practitioners: Rehabilitation Engineers, Rehabilitation Technologists, and Rehabilitation Technicians. Rehabilitation... Read more
From the Editor July/August 2015
The Genie Is Out of the Bottle
In my July/August 2014 editorial in IEEE Pulse [1], I opined on the very real possibility of genetic editing of human embryos with the newly discovered CRISPR/Cas9 gene editing system. My opinion was based on reported research in the Yunnan... Read more
From the Editor July/August 2015
Biomedical Research in Italy
From the Colosseum to the Roman aqueducts, Italy has historically been admired, envied, and imitated for its feats in advanced engineering. Beginning with Leonardo da Vinci’s military tanks and extending through today in such diverse arenas as high-performance automobiles and... Read more
Feature July/August 2015
Fidelity and Validity in Medical Simulation
The girl looks about 10 years old. She lies quietly on the emergency room exam bed, her eyes wide. Half an hour ago she was swinging—a little too wildly—from monkey bars in the park. Then, she fell. “Hey kiddo,” says Dr.... Read more
Feature July/August 2015
Making it Real
Simulation is any artificial construct that represents a real-world process. Technology-enhanced simulation in modern health care is growing exponentially, but the basic concept of “practice” to enhance real-world performance in medicine dates back centuries. For example, in the 1600–1700s, birthing... Read more
Feature July/August 2015
A Different View
Over the years, air safety has improved greatly because the skills of pilots, and the ability of teams to work together in a crisis, are regularly reinforced through simulator-based training and assessment. In medicine, simulation methods increasingly show promise for... Read more
Feature July/August 2015
An Eye Toward Improving
In ophthalmic anesthesia administration prior to surgeries for problems such as cataracts or glaucoma, the training of new doctors, as in other surgical specialties, is based on a model in which a student trains on a patient under the expert... Read more